Mismatches between the scale of ecosystems and the scale of management: How practitioners are addressing this challenge

Perspective: Navigating long time horizons and uncertainty in planning

By Jennie Hoffman

I have heard it argued that many planning horizons are too short to effectively incorporate climate change. How can a five-year recovery plan, for example, deal with changes that aren't expected to manifest for 30 or 50 years – particularly when there is uncertainty about exactly when and how those changes will play out?